Facts about Argentina
Argentina is a South American country, second in size in the continent to Brazil and eighth in the world. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast, and Chile in the west and south. The country claims the British controlled territories of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Because of longitudinal and elevation amplitudes, Argentina is subject to a variety of climates. As a rule, the climate is predominantly temperate with extremes ranging from subtropical in the north to subpolar in the far south. The hottest and coldest temperature extremes recorded in South America have occurred in Argentina. A record high temperature of 49.1°C was recorded at Villa de María, Córdoba on January 2, 1920. The lowest temperature recorded was −39.0 °C at Valle de los Patos Superior, San Juan, July 17, 1972. The southern regions, particularly the far south, experience long periods of daylight from November to February (up to nineteen hours), and extended nights from May to August. All of Argentina uses UTC-3 time zone. The country does not observe daylight savings.
Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. The country historically had a large middle class compared to other Latin American countries, but this segment of the population was decimated by a succession of economic crises.
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