Facts about Sri Lanka

Read more about Sri Lanka on Wikipedia.Sri Lanka is an island nation in South Asia, located about 31 kilometers off the southern coast of India. Popularly referred to as the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, it is home to around twenty million people. Due to its location in the path of major sea routes, Sri Lanka is a strategic naval link between West Asia and South East Asia, and has been a center of Buddhist religion and culture from ancient times.

Climate

Sri Lanka's climate can be described as tropical, and quite hot. Its position between 5 and 10 north latitude endows the country with a warm climate, moderated by ocean winds and considerable moisture. The mean temperature ranges from a low of 16C in Nuwara Eliya in the Central Highlands to a high of 32C in Trincomalee on the northeast coast . The average yearly temperature for the country as a whole ranges from 28 to 30 C. Day and night temperatures may vary by 4 to 7 degrees.

Economy

In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Sri Lanka became a plantation economy, famous for its production and export of cinnamon, rubber and Ceylon tea, which remains a trademark national export. The development of modern ports under British rule raised the strategic importance of the island as a centre of trade.
From 1977 the UNP government began incorporating privatisation, deregulation and promotion of private enterprise. While the production and export of tea, rubber, coffee, sugar and other agricultural commodities remains important, the nation has moved steadily towards an industrialised economy with the development of food processing, textiles, telecommunications and finance.

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