Facts about Egypt
Egypt is a country in North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land bridge to Asia. Egypt borders Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east. The northern coast borders the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern coast borders the Red Sea. Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most ancient and important monuments
In terms of average rainfall, Egypt is the driest country in the world. It is hot in the summer, with temperatures up to 42°C. Winters are cool during days and chilly during night, with temperatures averaging between 13 and 21°C.
Egypt's economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and tourism. Egypt has a developed energy market based on coal, oil, natural gas, and hydro power. Substantial coal deposits are in the north-east Sinai. Oil and gas are produced in the western desert regions, the Gulf of Suez, and the Nile Delta. Egypt has huge reserves of gas, and LNG is exported to many countries.
Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab World, Middle East, and the second-most populous on the African continent, with nearly 79 million people. Almost all the population is concentrated along the banks of the Nile, in the Delta and near the Suez Canal. Approximately 90% of the population adheres to Islam and most of the remainder to Christianity, primarily the Coptic Orthodox denomination.
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